Beets were introduced into China from Babylonia around the ninth century. However unlike other food items of New World origin such as potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts and chilies, which Portuguese traders brought to China in the seventeenth century, beets have never become a major Chinese cooking ingredient. Given this long history of existence in China why are they not more popular?
Perhaps it’s the stringent growing conditions that limit their availability. Beet plants grow best under moderate cool climate. Therefore areas of beet production in China are limited to the Northern region, and some highland areas in the South. Or perhaps, as many of my Chinese and American friends insist, beets are just simply unpalatable! Personally I don’t subscribe to this theory so when Mel from Bouchon for Two (Now Gourmet Fury) invited me to submit a recipe for their November challenge of Beet ‘n Squash YOU! I accepted it to prove this theory wrong.
In Chinese cuisine, beetroots are most commonly used for making soup and their leaves used for making stir-fries. Unfortunately none of these recipes excited me. So instead of recreating a regional beet recipe I opted to look into adapting a recipe that uses another root vegetable. As it happens one of my favorite Northern Chinese snacks is the turnip puff (蘿蔔絲餅), which is made with turnip and pork filling wrapped in a Chinese puff pastry that’s flakey and light. Recently they’ve become commonly available in dimsum restaurants in spite of their Northern origin. I decided that substituting beets for turnips would make an interesting modern twist.
The French version of puff pastry is made by folding and rolling a dough, known as détrempe, with butter. The Chinese puff pastry is similar but layered with a lard and flour mixture more like a beurre manié. Although this is not a complex process, home cooks often avoid making puff pastry because it is time consuming. But follow my recipe and you’ll be rewarded with delicious flakey puffs.
As for the beet filling, it follows the turnip filling recipe very closely. A little bit of pork and dried shrimp is added to enhance the spiciness of the root vegetable. The only difference in taste is that the beet filling has a sweeter, earthier tone.
One of the exciting trends in Chinese cooking is the use of non-traditional ingredients while maintaining traditional techniques and flavors. I hope you agree with me that this recipe does that and also presents the oft-neglected beetroots in a new way.
- 6 oz. lard
- 2 1/2 cups flour
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 1 cup water
- 2 oz. lard
- 1 1/2 cups flour
- 3/4 lb. beets
- 4 oz. lean ground pork
- 2 tablespoons dried shrimp
- 3 tablespoons finely chopped scallion
- 1 teaspoon vegetable oil
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper
- 2 teaspoons sesame oil
- 2 tablespoons sugar
- 1 tablespoon water
- 1/3 cup black sesame seeds
- 2/3 cup white sesame seeds
- To make the lard dough first blend the flour and salt together then cut the lard into the flour mixture. You can either use a pastry cutter or regular knife to cut into the mixture until it forms a course grain texture. Add the water and knead the dough until smooth. Then make the lard cake by combining the flour and lard and mix well. Set both the dough and the cake aside for about 20 minutes.
- Peel and cut the beets into very thin shreds of about 1/32 inch thick. You can use a course grater instead. Set the beets aside. Rehydrate the dried shrimp by soaking them in warm water for about 15 minutes, and chop them finely. In a wok heat the vegetable oil until it just begins to smoke. Add the ground pork to the wok and stir-fry for about one minute. Drain the pork from the fat and put in a mixing bowl. Add all the other filling ingredients and mix well. Set the filling aside.
- Divide both the lard dough and lard cake into 32 equal portions and roll them into balls. With a rolling pin flatten the lard into a circle of about 6 inches in diameter and place a lard cake ball in the center. Fold up the lard dough to cover the lard cake completely and roll into a ball. Repeat this for all the portions.
- With a rolling pin roll the combined pastry dough ball into a long strip about five inches wide and a quarter inch thick. Then roll up the pastry dough strip lengthwise into a spiral. Using a rolling pin once again roll the dough lengthwise into a thin long strip of about 1 inch wide, 6 inches long and quarter inch thick. Finally roll the strip lengthwise into a stout spiral cylinder shape. User you hands to roll the dough into a small ball, then use the rolling pin to roll the dough into a small round about 5 inches in diameter. Repeat this for all of the pastry dough portions. Be sure to wrap the pastry dough wrapper in plastic wrap if not used immediately.
- Dissolve two tablespoons of sugar in one tablespoon of water to make a syrup. Mix the black and white sesame seeds together and spread them in a shallow bowl. Preheat the oven to 375 degrees F before assembling the puffs.
- Put about 1 tablespoonful of filling in the middle of each dough round. Fold the edges of the dough over the filling and pinch the edges to seal the dough. Be sure to seal the opening tightly otherwise it will leak when you bake the puffs. Use your palm to roll the puff into a smooth round ball. Use a pastry brush to paint a thin layer of sugar syrup around the dough ball and roll the ball in the sesame seeds. Allow the seeds to generously stick to the dough. Arrange the dough balls seam side down on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
- Bake the puffs for about 25 minutes or until the crust is golden brown. Serve the puffs warm as a snack.