The Enduring Flavors of Jinjiang

Seafood-Flavored Sticky Rice

Growing up in Singapore I often chatted with my grandfather about Jinjiang (晉江), our ancestral hometown in Fujian (福建) province of China. The stories he told painted a picture of a fishing village with a thriving commercial center where our ancestors lived and worked as merchants and traders. So imagine my surprise when I learned that Jinjiang is now a city with a population of one million.

Still a busy fishing port, Jinjiang has become the largest center of underwear and swimsuit production in all of China, and by extension the whole world. That is the product of economic liberalization over the last three decades. But what interested me the most was investigating the local foodways. Would I be able to find the comfort foods of my youth in Jinjiang? Would the different kinds of flavored rice, fish balls, angel hair noodles and fresh spring rolls be the same?

During my book research tour of Fujian last month I got my chance to find out when we were invited to accompany Ben, our host in Jinjiang, to a funeral lunch hosted by the family of one of his friends. These lunches are offered to friends and extended family members, who come to pay their respects to the deceased during one of the three days of a traditional Chinese funeral. I was excited by this opportunity since I knew the meal would be comprised of local rustic dishes.

Funeral Plaque and Tent

Steaming Food and Cooking Rice

Laddling Soup

Funeral lunches in Fujian are routinely attended by fifty to sixty people, so a tent was set up in the alley in front of the grieving family’s home. We arrived early to watch the caterer prepared lunch behind the tent. A large steamer was already set up to heat the pre-cooked dishes in addition to two large woks sitting on top of wood stoves for cooking rice. Lunch included sweet and sour braised fish and tofu, fresh abalone and daikon soup, pork intestine and clam soup, fish balls and cucumber soup, and most importantly for me seafood-flavored sticky rice.

This rice dish made from a combination of dried oysters and shrimps, peas, corns and shiitake mushrooms is one of those comfort foods that I regularly crave. It has the recognizable seafood and shiitake aroma that can easily make me salivate. At home we cooked the rice in a rice cooker or steamed it in a bamboo steamer. But here the rice was cooked in large woks over wood burning stoves. The caterer swore that the intensely hot blazing logs in the beginning followed by the gentle heating of the resulting embers cooked this rice dish perfectly. So I watched him closely as he stoked the wood and expertly controlled the heat to make the perfect seafood-flavored sticky rice.

After chatting for an hour about local cooking traditions and techniques with the caterer we sat down for the noon meal. Happily I discovered that my family did follow Jinjiang cooking customs very closely. All the meal’s familiar flavors carried me back to my childhood. Although the fishing village may have grown into a large industrial city, it’s nice to know that its culinary flavors remain unchanged.

Sweet and Sour Braised Fish and Tofu

Abalone and Daikon Soup

Pork Intestine and Clam Soup

Funeral Lunch

Funeral Lunch Guests

  • Fujian Seafood-Flavored Sticky Rice (閩南油飯)

    • 1 1/2 cups long grain glutinous rice
    • 1 1/2 cups jasmine rice
    • 1 teaspoon minced garlic
    • 1 tablespoon minced shallot
    • 4 ounces pork belly
    • 1 ounce dried shiitake mushrooms
    • 1 ounce dried oysters
    • 1 ounce dried shrimps
    • 4 ounces peas
    • 6 ounces carrots, cut into 1/2 inch cubes
    • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
    • 1/3 cup Shaoxing cooking wine
    • 2 tablespoons soy sauce
    • 4 cups water
    • 1/2 teaspoon salt
    • 1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper
    • 1/4 cup chopped scallion
    • Soak the dried oysters, dried shrimps and dried shiitake mushrooms separately with enough water to completely submerge them. Soak for about one hour. Large oysters may need to be soaked longer. Soak the sticky rice in one cup of water for about one hour.
    • Drain the shiitake mushrooms and reserve the liquid. Cut off the stems form the mushrooms and slice the caps into strips of about 1/16 inch thick. Set aside. Cut the pork belly into strips of about 1/16 inch thick and set aside.
    • Heat a wok until a drop of water evaporates immediately on contact. Swirl the vegetable oil into the wok. Add the minced garlic and shallot and stir-fry for about 30 seconds or until they are just about to turn brown. Add the pork belly strips and continue to stir-fry for another minute. Add the rehydrated oysters, shrimps and shiitake mushroom strips and stir-fry for about 30 seconds. Drain the glutinous rice then add it to the wok along with the jasmine rice. Stir-fry for about a minute then add the carrot cubes, Shaoxing cooking wine, soy sauce, water, salt and ground white pepper.
    • The next step can be done in a wok or in a rice cooker.
    • If cooking in the wok turn the heat up to high until the liquid starts to boil. Cook for about three minutes on high heat then turn the heat down to medium to simmer. Cook the rice for another ten minutes or until all the liquid has been absorbed. Remove the cover and add the peas to the rice. Mix well and cover the wok again and turn the heat down to very low for about five minutes.
    • If using a rice cooker pour all the ingredients from the wok into the pot of the rice cooker. Cook the rice according to the rice cooker’s instructions. When the rice is done uncover, add the peas and mix well. Cover the pot again and let the peas steam for about five minutes on the “keeping warm” setting.
    • Serve the rice in a large serving bowl garnished with chopped scallion.
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7 Comments

  1. Posted April 25, 2013 at 9:53 am | Permalink

    What a great story about going back home! And I love the combination of flavors — you had me at sticky rice and jasmine rice! These are the kind of recipes we treasure forever. Thanks for sharing, Chef Kian. I still have your recipes from the cooking class at Purple Yam and make them all the time. May I share this post on social media, too? All the best :-)

    • Posted April 25, 2013 at 10:57 am | Permalink

      Thank you so much for your kind words Betty Ann! I’m so pleased you found the dumplings class at Purple Yam to be useful for you. I have great fun making dumplings together with all of you. Our Fujian cooking is not familiar to Americans but I try to maintain these traditions at home. They can be such comfort when I feel nostalgic for my childhood life. Going back to my hometown was truly an emotional experience. Especially during meal time.

  2. Posted April 27, 2013 at 8:36 am | Permalink

    Those photos are making me drool… what a wonderful feast. And I am intrigued by a seafood flavored sticky rice. I’m only familiar with the porky kind you may get in dim sum restaurants. This sounds just as good!

    I’d love to try this cuisine. Are there no Fujian restaurants here in the States?

  3. Jose Wong
    Posted April 27, 2013 at 9:56 am | Permalink

    This recipe looks great. I will be trying it this weekend. While I have most of the ingredients at hand, I am going the substitute the pork belly with Chinese sausage, and dried oysters with dried scallops. Do you find these acceptable substitutions? if not, I will obtain the original ingredients.

    Thanks for sharing your recipes and Chinese heritage with us.

    • Posted April 28, 2013 at 4:23 pm | Permalink

      Hi Jose, I’m so pleased you’re going to make this rice dish. Min cuisine flavor is strong on seafood. Dried oysters impart a rather heavy ocean scent that is difficult to replace. So if you’re interested in replicating the Min cuisine character I suggest that you find the dried oysters or use fresh oysters. If you use fresh oysters you should use about 3 or 4 oz. If they are large then chop them up into smaller pieces. You can replace the pork belly with chicken. I would not recommend Chinese sausage as it will compete with the oyster flavor.

  4. Jose Wong
    Posted April 29, 2013 at 10:17 am | Permalink

    I was not able to read your reply prior to preparing the dish and made it with the substitutions. It was delicious, but reminded me of the typical sicky rice dishes served in Cantonese restaurants. I will use the original ingredients next time.

    I am not familiar with Min cuisine. Being of Cantonese and Hakka backgroud, I still remember some of the Hakka dishes my grandmother used to prepare. Are there any similaries between Hakka and Min cuisines?

    • Posted April 29, 2013 at 1:12 pm | Permalink

      You’re right. With the substitution you mentioned the flavor would be closer to a Cantonese cooking than Min cooking. Min cooking generally has a much stronger ocean/seafood flavor. As for Hakka cooking… it is actually closer to Min than to Cantonese. In fact even the Hakka dialect is closer to Southern Min as well. There is a rice dish similar to this one made with taro that’s quite typically Hakka. In Hakka congee dried oysters are also used to flavor the porridge just like in Min cooking.

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